Apium graveolens L. var. dulce (Apiaceae)
|ENG||Leaf stalks celery|
|PL||Liść łodygi selera|
The young petioles are used as flavor and salad vegetable but may also be dried or cooked. The pungent seeds are used to flavor salads, soups, and vegetable and meat dishes. Celery is used in various forms such as fresh herb, stalk, seeds, oil, and oleoresin for flavoring of foods and for medicinal purposes. Dried ripe fruit yields 2-3% of an essential oil used as a fixative for medicines, perfumes, liqueurs, and cosmetics.
Botanical description and occurrence:
Apium graveolens is a annual and biennial herb that is reportedly native to temperate Mediterranean climates in Europe, Asia and Africa. Var. dulce (celery) is grown as an annual in the garden for production of its crisp edible leaf stalks. It typically rises to 05 – 1.0 m. tall. It is generally grown as an annual, ready for harvest after 80-160 days from planting. Celery requires two seasons to produce seed. Harvest may begin when the outer stalks reach 0.15 – 0.20 m tall (heart of plant continues to grow). All stalks should be harvested prior to the first significant fall frost.
Why to have the plant in your garden:
Leaf stalks celery is a herbaceous plant with greatly enlarged, tender, young petioles. the stem is solid and ribbed elongates and may reach a height of 1 m. Organs of A. graveolens (leaves, stalks and roots) can be considered good sources of components known for their anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and insecticidal properties.
Links to scientific articles (if it is possible):
Peng Li, Jia Jia, Daihui Zhang, Jingli Xie, Xueshu Xu and Dongzhi Wei. 2014. In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activities of a flavonoid isolated from celery (Apium graveolens L. var. dulce). Food Function, 2014, 5, 50.
Fu, N., Wang, Q., & Shen, H. L. (2013). De novo assembly, gene annotation and marker development using Illumina paired-end transcriptome sequences in celery (Apium graveolens L.). PloS one, 8(2), e57686.
Mina Ramezani, Sima Nasri, Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of isolated fractions from Apium graveolens seeds in mice. Journal Pharmaceutical Biology, Volume 47, 2009, Issue 8 , Page 740-743.
Mencherini T, Cau A, Bianco G, Della Loggia R, Aquino RP, Autore G. 2007. An extract of Apium graveolens var. dulce leaves: structure of the major constituent, apiin, and its anti-inflammatory properties. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2007 Jun;59(6):891-7.
Ibtissem Hamrouni Sellami , Iness Bettaieb , Soumaya Bourgou , Rahma Dahmani , Ferid Limam & Brahim Marzouk 2012. Essential oil and aroma composition of leaves, stalks and roots of celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce) from Tunisia. Journal of Essential Oil Research , Volume 24, 2012 - , page 513-521.