Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla (Chenopodiaceae)
|ENG||Lucullus, Swiss card|
|SK||Mangold, cvikla listová|
Swiss chard is an important dietary plant. Has more healing properties:
- vitalizes the brain and nerves
- Eliminates nervousness and fatigue, improves concentration
- Eliminates digestive problems and detoxifies the intestines
- Reduces blood lipid levels
- Strengthens the immune system, heart and muscles
- Protects the mucous membranes throughout the body
- Strengthens bones and teeth
- stimulates blood formation and cell oxygenation
- It activates the production of hormones and mental freshness.
Botanical description and occurrence:
Chard is a biennial plant with large dark green leaves. The large, glossy, crisp leaves can grow to 37 cm long and 25 cm wide. The roots are hard and woody. The stalks resemble those of spinach but are fleshy and white or red in color. Swiss chard is a cool season crop that grows best at temperatures ranging from 7 to 24 °C. It can withstand light frosts.
Why to have the plant in your garden:
Chard is vegetable and medicinal plant with high nutritional value. It is growing from direct sowing. Thinning It is important to thin seedlings out to 10 cm apart, not later than 3 (three) weeks after the seedlings have emerged. The leaves are cooked and served like spinach and the petioles can be cooked and served like asparagus. Swiss chard can be harvested after two months when the leaves have reached long 10 and more cm. The leaves must be free of insect injury, worms, mold, decay or other serious injury that affects its appearance.
Links to scientific articles (if it is possible):
Casa Toapanta, Carlos Manuel (2011). Enriquecimiento de la harina de trigo duro a base de dos tipos de hortalizas acelga (beta vulgarisvar cicla); y espinaca (spinacia oleracea) a diferentes concentraciones y dos tipos de secado deshidratación y secado natural. Unidad Académica de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Recursos Naturales. UTC. Latacunga. 103 p.
R. Yanardag, S¸ Bolkent, O. Ozsoy-Sacan and O. Karabulut-Bulan. 2002. The Effects of Chard (Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla) Extract on the Kidney Tissue, Serum Urea and Creatinine Levels of Diabetic Rats. Phytotherapy Research. Volume 16, Issue 8, Version of record online 28. Nov. 2002. 16, 758–761.