Echinacea purpurea (Echinacea Moench) (Asteraceae)
These flowering plants and their parts have different uses. Some species are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers. Echinacea purpurea is used in folk medicine. Echinacea is widely used to fight infections, especially the common cold, the flu, and other upper respiratory infections. Echinacea is also used against many other infections including urinary tract, vaginal yeast infections, herpes, HIV/AIDS, human papilloma virus, bloodstream infections, tonsillitis, streptococcus, malaria atc.
Botanical description and occurrence:
Echinacea is a genus, or group of herbal perennial flowering plants up to 120 cm tall by 25 cm (wide at maturity. It has nine species, which are commonly called purple coneflowers. They are found only in eastern and central North America, where they are found growing in moist to dry areas. Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always, purple in the wild. It is polinated by butterflies and bees.
Why to have the plant in your garden:
Depending on the climate, it blooms throughout spring to late summer. We grow in the garden for decoration and as a medicinal plant. Very well propagated by seeds and older plants also by dividing bunches. The seeds sown during March inside in pots or frames and seedlings we plant to the outside in mid-May. For directly sowing to bed is the best time end of April. Plants are divided in spring or fall.
Links to scientific articles (if it is possible):
Carey, Dennis; Avent, Tony. Echinaceae explosion – The purple coneflower chronicles. Plant Delights Nursery Article. Plant Delights Nursery. Retrieved 2015-07-12. Hart A, Dey P (2009). Echinacea for prevention of the common cold: an illustrative overview of how information from different systematic reviews is summarised on the internet. Preventive Medicine. 49 (2–3): 78–82.
Di Pierro F, Rapacioli G, Ferrara T, Togni S. Use of a standardized extract from Echinacea angustifolia (Polinacea) for the prevention of respiratory tract infections. Altern Med Rev. 2012;17(1):36-41.
Ronald B. Turner, Rudolf Bauer, Karin Woelkart, Thomas C. Hulsey, and J. David Gangemi. 2005. An Evaluation of Echinacea angustifolia in Experimental Rhinovirus Infections. New England Journal of Medicine 353:341-348